The analysis of structure of already attracted direct investments first of all shows their very narrow branch orientation. The lion's share of such investments goes or to export-oriented branches (energy industry / including petrochemistry/, the mining industry, woodworking and pulp and paper industry), or to extremely profitable projects with small payback periods and an insignificant capital intensity (trade, telecommunications, public catering, construction of office and hotel buildings in the large cities, the food industry, financial services) 1
The difference in norm of the interest rates paid on various securities has impact on the movement of this type of investments. So, the high norm of interest rates in the USA attracted a great number of foreign investors, especially Japanese.
Let's consider investment (export the capital as multilateral process. By definition investments are long-term capital investments in various branches of economy for the purpose of receiving profit. However, it is necessary to consider that implementation of investments, including foreign, has to be mutually advantageous process, that is make profit as to object on whom the last is directed, and to the subject (investor).
- stocks of the largest oil and gas extraction enterprises, enterprises of nonferrous metallurgy, the pulp and paper industry and some other raw branches considerably focused on export of the production, and also serving export of sea shipping companies;
Therefore our state is faced by difficult and rather delicate task: to attract the foreign capital to the country, and, without depriving of it own incentives, to direct it measures of economic regulation on achievement of the public purposes.